The Planning AreaThe Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area (PNCIMA) is one of five national Large Ocean Management Areas (LOMAs) identified in Canada’s 2005 Oceans Action Plan.
PNCIMA encompasses approximately 102,000 km2 of marine area and occupies approximately two-thirds of the B.C. coast. The boundary of PNCIMA was defined based on a mix of ecological considerations and administrative boundaries. Ecologically, the PNCIMA boundary represents the Northern Shelf Bioregion of the Pacific Ocean. The boundary extends from the base of the continental shelf slope in the west to the coastal watershed in the east (adjacent terrestrial watersheds are not included). North to south, PNCIMA extends from the Canada–U.S. border of Alaska to Brooks Peninsula on northwest Vancouver Island and to Quadra Island in the south.
Humans have lived in this area for thousands of years, sustained by its abundant marine and terrestrial resources, which also shaped the inhabitants’ social, economic and cultural values. Presently, PNCIMA is home to diverse First Nations, coastal settlements and major communities. The inshore waters of PNCIMA support fishing, aquaculture, marine tourism and transportation. The offshore areas support numerous commercial fisheries and transportation, and the potential for energy developments. The region’s ports are conduits of trade linking Canada‘s businesses to markets in North America, Asia and Europe. The area is ecologically unique for the diversity of ocean features it contains and the important habitat it provides for many species. Increased use of the area exerts increased pressure on ecosystems; therefore, it is important to ensure the coexistence of healthy, fully functioning ecosystems and human communities.
Link to Case Study: Management of Unique Species in PNCIMA
Learn more about PNCIMA here:
- 10 Things You Should Know About the PNCIMA Plan
- PNCIMA Purpose
- Summary of Current Marine Use Activities in PNCIMA